In the first teaching unit, we will discuss the basic determinants of the European Union and national regulations in order to understand the animal welfare legislation framework. It is necessary to understand the differences between the EU regulations, such as the Directive, the Regulation and the provisions of national laws and bylaws, and by considering the basic principles of the obligations of veterinary officials, veterinarians, and animal owners or possessors. In addition, in a few examples, we will show how ethical dilemmas have influenced the development of current legislation and what the fundamental shortcomings are. Although almost all EU member states have adopted the guidelines provided by the Directive, in many cases the implementation of some of the goals is deficient.
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